ISSN Grapevine production by classical grafting methods and in commercial scale emerged over years.
This system remained handmade until the mids, when the first international certification programs aimed at obtaining mother plants with high viral sanity emerged. The necessity to increase the scale of production on industrial model and plant material production based on minimum morphological standards appeared at the end of the s.
Along the s, research unlocked knowledge on semi-automated grafting, process hygiene, use of plant growth regulators and understanding of physiological events of rootstock-scion compatibility, callus formation and rooting. Prevalence and distribution of Botryosphaeriaceae species in New Zealand grapevine nurseries. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing of viruses infecting grapevines. Methods in Molecular Biology , Clifton, v. Graft union formation in grapevine induces transcriptional changes related to cell wall modification, wounding, hormone signalling, and secondary metabolism.
Journal of Experimental Botany , Oxford, v. Research on new methods of forcing management for production of grafted vines at S. Richter Tehnologii Viticole S. Experiments on the control of esca by Trichoderma. Applications of Trichoderma to prevent Phaeomoniella chlamydospora infections in organic nurseries. DIAZ, G. Effects of Phaeomoniella chlamydospora and Phaeoacremonium aleophilum on grapevine rootstocks.
The influence of forcing on callus formation and roots of some grapevine varieties. Journal of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology , Timisora, v. FILO, A. Grapevine crown gall suppression using biological control and genetic engineering: a review of recent research. Chemical and biological protection of grapevine propagation material from trunk disease pathogens.
Investigation on the occurrence of Phaeomoniella chlamydospora in canes of rootstock mother vines. Australasian Plant Pathology , Netherlands, v. Occurrence of grapevine trunk disease pathogens in rootstock mother plants in South Africa. Passive pathogen movement via open xylem conduits in grapevine graft unions.
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American Journal of Enology and Viticulture , Davis, v. Italus Hortus , Firenze, v. Towards the definition of the absolute sanitary status of certified grapevine clones and rootstocks. Best duration for submersion of grapevine cuttings of rootstock 41B in water to increase root formation. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment , Helsinki, v.
Hot water treatment of grapevine rootstock cuttings grown in a cool climate. Fungal trunk pathogens in the grapevine propagation process: potential inoculum sources, detection, identification, and management strategies. Evaluation of fungicides to control Petri disease pathogens in the grapevine propagation process. Identifying practices likely to have impacts on grapevine trunk disease infections: a European nursery survey.
Field evaluation of grapevine rootstocks inoculated with fungi associated with Petri disease and esca. A review of black-foot disease of grapevine. S55—S67, b. Protection of grapevine pruning wounds against Eutypa lata by biological and chemical methods. Fungi associated with healthy grapevine cuttings in nurseries, with special reference to pathogens involved in the decline of young vines.
Australasian Plant Pathology , Dordrecht, v. Control of black foot disease in grapevine nurseries. Plant Pathology , Dordrecht, v. An integrated strategy for the proactive management of grapevine trunk disease pathogen infections in grapevine nurseries. Novel species of Cylindrocarpon Neonectria and Campylocarpon gen. Studies in mycology , Netherlands, v. Neonectria liriodendri sp. Studies in Mycology , Netherlands, v.
Plant material quality: a compilation of research. Graft union abnormality: Some impacting factors. Studies on quality of rootstocks in the viticultural centre Blaj. Interaction between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and rootstock cultivar on the susceptibility to infection by Ilyonectria species. Evaluation of biocontrol agents for grapevine pruning wound protection against trunk pathogen infection.
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Acesso em: 28 jun. KUN A. Efficacy of treatments against Phaeomoniella chlamydospora and Phaeoacremonium aleophilum during nursery propagation. Resistance to viruses, phytoplasmas and their vectors in the grapevine in Europe: A review. Journal of Plant Pathology , Bari, v. Preliminary studies on the biology of Phaeoacremonium. Inner necrosis in grapevine rootstock mother plants in the Cognac area Charentes, France.
Lineages in Nectriaceae: re-evaluating the generic status of Ilyonectria and allied genera. Phytopathologia Mediterranea , Bologna,v. A multiplex PCR assay detecting several Ascomycetes responsible for grapevine trunk diseases. Control of viruses infecting grapevine. Advances in Virus Research, San Diego, v.
Scientia Horticulturae , Amsterdam, v. Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3. Frontiers in Microbiology , New York, v. Infectious diseases and certification of grapevines. Directory of virus and virus-like diseases of the grapevine and their agents. Family Flexiviridae: A case study in virion and genome plasticity. Annual Review of Phytopathology , Palo Alto, v. Phytosanitary challenges for the Mediterranean viticultural industry: Emerging grapevine viruses.
A review of Phaeoacremonium species involved in Petri disease and esca of grapevines. S12—S29, The benefits of Trichoderma atroviride I for the protection of grapevines against trunk diseases: from the nursery to the vineyard. MOYO, P. Arthropods vector grapevine trunk disease pathogens.
Histo-pathology study of the growth of Trichoderma harzianum, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora and Eutypa lata on grapevine pruning wounds. Development of benzimidazole resistant Trichoderma strains for the integration of chemical and biocontrol methods of grapevine pruning wound protection. Biocontrol , Netherlands, v.
How to Root a Grapevine from a Cutting by Placing into Glass or Bottle of Water
Optimisation of time of application of Trichoderma biocontrol agents for protection of grapevine pruning wounds. Isolation, production and in vitro effects of the major secondary metabolite produced by Trichoderma species used for the control of grapevine trunk diseases. Grapevine leafroll disease and associated viruses: a unique pathosystem. Pathogen-tested material of grapevine varieties and rootstocks.
Tolerance and resistance to viruses and their vectors in Vitis sp. Journal of Virological Methods , Amsterdam, v. Trichoderma atroviride SC1 prevents Phaeomoniella chlamydospora and Phaeoacremonium aleophilum infection of grapevine plants during the grafting process in nurseries. BioControl , Dordrecht, v. Influence of Glomus intraradices on black foot disease caused by Cylindrocarpon macrodidymum on Vitis rupestris under controlled conditions.
Plant Disease, Saint Paul, v. PINA, A. A review of new advances in mechanism of graft compatibility—incompatibility. Quality evaluation of Selection Oppenheim 4 rootstock clones used to produce grapevine planting material, depending on the applied agrotechnics. REGO, C. Black foot of grapevine: sensitivity of Cylindrocarpon destructans to fungicides. S93—S, Control of grapevine wood fungi in commercial nurseries. Potential inoculum sources of Phaeomoniella chlamydospora in South African grapevine nurseries. The Phylloxera and American resistant stocks. Occurrence of Togninia minima perithecia in esca-affected vineyards in California.
Plant virus metagenomics: Advances in virus discovery. Genetic variability of Grapevine pinot gris virus and its association with grapevine leaf mottling and deformation. Studies on the susceptibility of pruning wounds to infection by fungi involved in grapevine wood diseases in Italy. Viticola em tecido infectado de videira.
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura , Jaboticabal, v. You can technically plant the dormant vine any time after this. I prefer to plant it in the fall as mentioned in the post because I feel the plants get a better ''start'' in the spring, but it can also be done in the spring. It is preferable to do so before the plants ''wake up'' and start budding. Keep in mind a dormant vine is very resistant to changes in its environment so whether it overwinters in a pot or in the ground makes little difference. As long as the temperature doesn't go down below the particular variety's tolerance.
If you choose to overwinter in a pot, a cold dark room basement is ideal. Watering should be kept to a minimum and is only needed if the soil gets completely dry. Thanks for your comment and best of luck. As long as the cuttings are healthy, this should word for any variety. The only exception would be for pure vinifera varieties where grafting to a rootstock is necessary for disease prevention.
Thanks for your comment. Fred, This is a wonderful system. Thank you for sharing. My first batch, started in mid-July, yielded about 25 plants. My later batches, started in August, have been much slower to root and I am wondering if the shorter days might be the cause. This is making me think I should bring the boxes inside, put them on a heat mat and turn on the grow lights.
Your thoughts? Thanks again, Dorothy. Hi Dorothy, thanks for your comment. For some reason, green cuttings seem to root a lot faster if the cuttings are taken when the plant is growing actively at the beginning of the summer when the stems of the shoots are still green and tender. I find that cuttings taken later in the summer have a lower success rate.
This might be caused by the fact that the plant has started hardening off for the winter and is less prone to propagate easily. Also, cuttings taken earlier in the summer will have more time to harden properly, will have a more established root system and therefore will have a better survival rate through the winter. Thanks again and good luck with your vines! Great tutorial. I wish to thank you.
Your information to Dorothy O'Brien is particularly valuable. You state, "when the stems of the shoots are still green and tender It's great you also state, "cuttings taken earlier in the summer will have more time to harden properly. Cheers, and kind thanks. Saturday, 28 July Grapevine propagation: green cuttings. It is best done in mid-summer, when the vines are actively growing and the shoots are just starting to toughen a little bit.
With this method, you take green cuttings as opposed to dormant cuttings taken in winter , dip the bottoms in rooting hormone ''Dip 'n Grow'' type There are many advantages to doing it this way.
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Cuttings can root in as little as a week or two, and start growing vigorously as soon as they root, giving you a very good sized plant by fall to add to you vineyard. Many times, they will grow to the same size as a dormant cutting plant started much earlier in the summer. I especially like to use ''suckers'' growing from the bottom of the trucks. They seem to root better for some reason, but any unwanted shoot will do. Another advantage is that you are doing this in the summer where your plants will be outdoors, not taking up space in the house.
Also, no need for grow lights, heat mats or complicated setups.